Analyze HTTP response headers online

Check HTTP security headers

Check your website’s security by analyzing HTTP security headers. Find out if your HTTP security headers are correctly configured to protect your site from online vulnerabilities and enhance user trust by ensuring a secure browsing experience.

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A Powerful Tool for Ensuring Optimal Security

What Impact on HTTP Security?

It is essential to check HTTP security headers to protect your infrastructures, prevent the blocking of your emails, maintain an excellent online reputation, and ensure optimal performance of your website or server.

Security Monitoring

Monitoring HTTP security headers can protect you from malicious activities.

Online Reputation Management

Control the reputation of your services. Correct HTTP security headers mean quality services.

Optimizing Email Deliverability

Inbox providers can block emails from IP addresses with problematic HTTP security headers.

Performance Optimization

Ensure optimal performance. Adequate HTTP security headers are essential to avoid affecting the performance of your services.

Free Online HTTP Security Headers Check

Why analyze a website’s HTTP security headers?

Hellotools offers you a tool to check the HTTP security headers of your websites. It allows you to verify the presence and correct configuration of the following security headers: X-XSS-Protection, X-Content-Type-Options, X-Frame-Options, Strict-Transport-Security, Content-Security-Policy, Referrer-Policy, Permissions-Policy, Expect-CT, and X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies. In a world where online security is increasingly important, our tool is essential to help you protect your websites against various attacks and vulnerabilities.

Tool to Check HTTP Security Headers Online

Our tool for checking HTTP security headers is suitable for the following use cases:

Web Development: Web developers often use security header checkers to ensure that their websites are properly protected.

Security Audit: Security auditors use tools to check security headers to identify potential vulnerabilities in the websites they audit.

Optimization: For website administrators, analyzing security headers helps verify if a website adheres to best practices in web security.

How to use our tool to check your HTTP security headers, it’s simple just enter the URL of your website directly into the area. And the information will display below.

Analyzing HTTP security headers is indispensable for web professionals and everyone working with websites. It allows you to adhere to best practices in web security, optimize your websites, and improve the quality of your websites’ security by ensuring their protection against various attacks and vulnerabilities.

What You Need to Know

Frequently Asked Questions

The X-XSS-Protection header is an essential tool for strengthening the security of a website against Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks. These attacks occur when malicious actors inject malicious scripts into web pages viewed by other users. The X-XSS-Protection header, when enabled and properly configured, instructs the browser to detect and block these script injections.

In particular, when a compatible browser receives the X-XSS-Protection header with the value ’1; mode=block’, it activates an XSS filter that scans web pages for XSS attacks. If an attack is detected, the browser does not load the page. Instead, it blocks the page and displays a security alert, thus preventing the execution of the malicious script. This provides an additional line of defense beyond the security measures already present on the website, such as server-side input validation and sanitization.

However, it is important to note that the X-XSS-Protection header is not a complete solution in itself. It works primarily on older browsers, such as earlier versions of Internet Explorer, and may not be supported or necessary in modern browsers that have their own built-in protection mechanisms against XSS attacks. As a result, its use should be considered as part of a broader web security strategy that also includes other practices, such as implementing the Content-Security-Policy (CSP) header for more robust and modern protection against XSS attacks.

The X-Content-Type-Options header, with its most common directive ’nosniff’, plays a crucial role in preventing security attacks related to MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) types in web browsers. This header helps mitigate risks associated with "MIME type sniffing," where the browser tries to guess the content type of a resource, rather than sticking to the content type declared by the server.

When the X-Content-Type-Options header is set to ’nosniff’, it instructs the browser not to try to interpret the content in a way different from what is specified by the content type of the response. This means that if, for example, a server sends a resource with a Content-Type header indicating ’text/plain’, but the content resembles JavaScript, the browser will not execute it as JavaScript. This prevents attackers from tricking the browser into executing malicious code under a disguised content type.

This protection is especially important because attackers can exploit MIME type sniffing to bypass browser security controls. They can, for instance, load malicious script by disguising it as a harmless resource like an image or a CSS style. By forcing the browser to strictly adhere to the declared content type, the X-Content-Type-Options header helps prevent these attacks and strengthen overall web browsing security.

It is therefore recommended to use this header in all server responses containing downloadable resources, as an integral part of a website’s overall security strategy. Its implementation helps ensure that content is appropriately handled by the browser, thereby reducing the risk of executing malicious content.

The X-Frame-Options header is a crucial security mechanism to prevent "clickjacking" type attacks, where an attacker uses a frame (iframe) to overlay a malicious web page on another legitimate page. These attacks deceive the user into clicking on user interface elements that may trigger undesirable actions, such as sharing personal information or accepting changes in an online account.

The X-Frame-Options header allows web developers to control whether their site can be embedded in frames or iframes on other sites. There are mainly three directives for this header:

1. **DENY**: No site, including the site itself, can embed the page in a frame. This provides the strictest protection against clickjacking.
2. **SAMEORIGIN**: Only the same origin site can embed the page in a frame. This option allows the use of frames for internal site navigation while blocking external attempts.
3. **ALLOW-FROM uri**: Only the website specified in the URI can embed the page. This directive offers more granular control but is not supported by all browsers.

By preventing attackers from discreetly placing a transparent or opaque page over a legitimate page, the X-Frame-Options header protects users from inadvertent clicks that could compromise their security. Its use is a common practice to strengthen the security of web applications, especially for pages that include sensitive information or important functionalities.

While this header is a powerful tool, it is important to combine it with other security strategies, such as the use of the Content-Security-Policy header, for more comprehensive protection against a variety of web threats.

The HTTP Strict-Transport-Security (HSTS) header is a fundamental security mechanism for websites, as it enforces the use of secure HTTPS connections. With this header present, the browser is instructed to only communicate with the server through secure connections, thus eliminating the possibility of loading the site via an insecure HTTP protocol.

When a user first visits a site equipped with HSTS, the server sends the HSTS header with the HTTP response. This tells the browser how long (defined by the ’max-age’ attribute) it should remember that the site must be accessed only via HTTPS. If, during this period, the user tries to access the site using HTTP, or if an attacker tries to redirect the user to an unsecured version of the site, the browser will automatically force a secure HTTPS connection.

This header protects against various types of attacks, particularly "man-in-the-middle" (MITM) attacks, where an attacker could intercept or alter the data exchanged between the user and the website if the connection is not secure. By demanding HTTPS communication, HSTS ensures that all transmitted data remains encrypted and inaccessible to eavesdropping or alterations.

To maximize its effectiveness, it is recommended to configure the HSTS header with a sufficiently long ’max-age’ and to include the ’includeSubDomains’ option if the site has subdomains, so that they are also secured in the same way. It is also advisable to register the website on the HSTS preload list, a list built into browsers that forces HTTPS even before the first visit to the site.

In conclusion, the Strict-Transport-Security header is crucial for website security as it ensures that users always connect to the site via a secure path, significantly reducing the risk of attacks based on insecure connections.

The Content-Security-Policy (CSP) header is a powerful and versatile web security tool, essential for reducing the risk and impact of Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) attacks and other similar vulnerabilities. By setting a content security policy, CSP allows website administrators to specify which content sources are trustworthy and how content can interact and be loaded on their site.

The main strength of CSP lies in its ability to limit the sources from which various types of content (scripts, CSS, images, etc.) can be loaded. For example, a site can declare that only scripts from its own domain (and not from a third-party domain) should be executed. This restriction prevents the execution of malicious scripts injected by attackers, a technique commonly used in XSS attacks.

In addition to controlling content sources, CSP can also be used to impose other security restrictions, such as prohibiting the loading of plugins, the execution of inline scripts (scripts directly inserted into the HTML code), or the evaluation of strings as JavaScript code. These restrictions help protect against various exploitation techniques commonly used by attackers.

CSP can also be configured to send reports to a specified server whenever a policy violation occurs. This reporting feature allows administrators to monitor and respond to attack attempts, thus providing significant visibility into potential threats.

In conclusion, the Content-Security-Policy header is fundamental for the security of a website as it offers granular control over how content is loaded and executed, thereby helping to prevent XSS attacks and other content-related vulnerabilities. Its implementation should be considered an essential part of the security strategy of any modern website.

The Permissions-Policy header, formerly known as Feature-Policy, plays a crucial role in security and privacy management on websites by controlling access to various browser features and APIs. This header allows developers to specify which browser features can be used on their website, thus limiting access to sensitive features such as the camera, microphone, geolocation, and others.

The importance of Permissions-Policy lies in its ability to restrict features that can be abused by malicious scripts. For example, a site can choose to completely disable access to the camera or microphone, preventing any unauthorized script from attempting to access these resources. This is particularly important for protecting the privacy and security of users, preventing features from being used without their knowledge.

In addition, Permissions-Policy offers granular control over the origins allowed to use certain features. For instance, a site can allow scripts from its own domain to access geolocation, while blocking this same feature for scripts from third-party domains. This approach is useful for preventing feature abuses by embedded third-party content (such as widgets or advertisements).

Implementing the Permissions-Policy header is also beneficial for improving site performance. By disabling unnecessary features, websites can reduce the load on the browser, thereby providing a faster and smoother user experience.

In summary, the Permissions-Policy header is essential for enhancing security and privacy on websites. It enables developers to control access to sensitive browser features, protect user privacy, prevent the misuse of features by malicious scripts, and optimize website performance.

The Expect-CT (Certificate Transparency) header is a crucial element for the security of SSL/TLS certificates, a fundamental aspect of Internet security. This mechanism allows websites to ensure that their SSL/TLS certificates are properly logged and transparent, in accordance with the requirements of Certificate Transparency (CT) logs.

The main function of the Expect-CT header is to request browsers to verify that the certificates used by a site are present in the CT public logs. These logs are public records that document all certificates issued by certification authorities. Their purpose is to increase transparency and detect improperly issued or malicious certificates, which can be a sign of a man-in-the-middle attack or a compromise of the certification authority.

By enabling the Expect-CT header, website administrators can specify a policy that dictates how the browser should react if a certificate does not comply with CT requirements. Options include blocking the connection or generating a report that is sent to a specified URL, allowing administrators to quickly detect and respond to certificate issues.

The importance of Expect-CT lies in its role in protecting against man-in-the-middle attacks and strengthening trust in the SSL/TLS certificate ecosystem. By ensuring that certificates are transparent and publicly verifiable, Expect-CT helps ensure that communications between the browser and server are secure and authentic.

In conclusion, the Expect-CT header is crucial in certificate security because it helps ensure the integrity and transparency of SSL/TLS certificates, key elements for the security and privacy of communications on the Internet.

The X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies header plays an important role in managing how a website shares its resources with other domains. This header is particularly relevant for sites that host Flash or PDF files, which can load data from various sources. It controls if and how files on a domain can be used by other domains, thereby providing an additional layer of security against abuse of resource-sharing policies.

The X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies header can take several values, each specifying a different level of permission for cross-domain resource sharing:

1. **None**: No external domain can use the site’s resources. This is the most restrictive setting and is used to completely block cross-domain sharing.
2. **Master-only**: Only the main crossdomain.xml file (located at the root of the site) is considered for cross-domain sharing policies.
3. **By-content-type**: Allows cross-domain sharing only for files served with an explicit MIME type for Flash or PDF files.
4. **All**: Allows all crossdomain.xml files on the site to specify cross-domain sharing policies.

Using this header is essential to prevent attacks where a site’s resources can be abusively embedded or used by third-party sites without authorization. For example, without appropriate restrictions, a malicious site could embed a Flash file from another site and interact with it in a way that compromises security or confidentiality.

By carefully configuring the X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies header, website administrators can ensure that their resources are not inappropriately used by other sites, thus helping to maintain the integrity and security of their content and that of their users.